Table of Techniques

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All fencers begin with the longsword fundamentals as well as simple grappling techniques. As they grow in experience they will add further techniques to their repertoire and at the level of Freifechter the students are expected to take on other weapons and systems.

Longsword Fundamentals

Technique Description Neuling Lehrling Fechter Freifechter
Fundamentals & Theory
Parts of the weapon
Gripping the Longsword
Elements of Fencing
Types of Versetzen
The 5 Meisterhauw
The 4 Openings Including WHY the "Meyer Square" exists.
The Four Times Vor, Nach, Indes, & Gleich
The Three Stages of the Exchange
The Three Types of Strike: Provoker, Hitter, & Taker
Front Weighted
Rear Weighted
Cross stance
Footwork These may be assessed individually, or observed during the remainder of the techniques.
Gathering (lead/rear)
Triangle step
False/Cross Step
Principal Guards
Vom tag/Tag (Roof/day)
Ochs (Ox)
Pflug (Plough)
Alber (Fool)
Secondary Guards
Wechsel (Change)
Zornhut (Wrath Guard)
Langort (Longpoint)
Nebenhut (Nearguard)
Schranckhut (Barrier Guard)
Kron (Crown)
Hangetort (Hanging Point)
Einhorn (Unicorn)
Schlussel (Key)
Mittelhut (Middle Guard)
Hangetort (Hanging Point)
Guards Progression
Attacking the Openings
Meyer Square - row 1 Using the long/true edge.
Meyer Square - rows 1 - 4 Using the long/true edge.
Meyer Square Using zwerch
Using the flats
Meyer's Devices/Plays
Attacking to the Openings Device 127v.1 Solo demonstration of the device slowly.
Demonstrate with speed and intent against a partner.
Stages of the exchange Example Device 126r.1 Solo demonstration of the device slowly.
Demonstrate with speed and intent against a partner.
Select a device from the longsword section Describe each movement and it's purpose with reference to initiative, phase of the exchange, type of technique etc.
Solo demonstration of the device slowly.
Demonstrate with speed and intent against a partner.
Principal Strikes
Oberhauw Application 1 - Entry
Application 2 - Versetzen (parrying) with Umbschnappen (snapping around)
Unterhauw Application 1 - Entry
Application 2 - Versetzen using Absetzen (from Meyer)
Mittelhauw Application 1 - Entry
Application 2 - Versetzen using Taking out and Looping Round (Rinde)
Zornhauw Application 1 - Entry
Application 2 - Umbschlagen (cutting around) with Ablauffen (flowing off)
Application 3 - Deceiving by Fehlen (failing)
Application 4 - Deceiving by Verfliegen (flying away/fleeing)
Application 5 - Deceiving by Wechseln/Durchwechseln (changing through)
Application 6 - Striking with Doplieren (doubling)
Secondary Cuts
Zwerch Application 1 - Entry
Application 2 - Versetzen
Application 3 - Deceiving with Fehlen
Krumphauw Application 1 - Versetzen
Sturtzhauw Application 1 - entry
Application 2 - Zirckel
Schielhauw Application 1 - "Old" Schielhauw
Application 2 - "New" Schielhauw
Wechselhauw Application 1 - Versetzen
Application 2 - Driving
Thrusts Application 1 - Low line entry with Ansetzen
Application 2 - High line entry with Ansetzen
Application 3 - High line entry with Absetzen
Other Handworks
Anbinden Techniques Application 1 - Umbschlagen (cutting around)
Application 2 - Wechseln/Durchwechseln (changing through)
Application 3 - Deceiving using Zucken (pulling)
Application 4 - Schneiden (slicing)
Application 5 - Hendtrucken (hand pressing) from Below
Application 6 - Verkehren (reversing) with Sperren (barring)
Application 7 - Umbschnappen (snapping around) from Below
Application 8 - Außreissen (wrenching out)
Hengen Application 1 - hanging
Abschneiden Application 1 - slicing off
Einlauffen Application 1 - rear throw
Ringen am Schwert Application 1 - Sword taking from crossed blades
Application 2 - Sword taking beneath with hanging
Application 3 - Sword taking by grabbing the hilt/haft
Application 4 - Grapple by wrenching between the arms
Application 5 - Counter to wrenching
Halfswording Application 1 - Entering with a halfsword parry
Application 2 - Moving to halfsword with a zwerch
Application 2 - Locking/Wrenching between the hands with the point
Application 3 - Throwing by placing the blade over the neck (both directions)
Techniques under Pressure
Static Partners begin standing still in fixed positions.
Dynamic Partners perform the drill with moving around as if fencing, but still controlled.
With Intent The partners perform the drill geared up with intent to hit the opponent.
Slow "academic" fencing This must be slow and flowing, showing control and variety of techniques.
Medium-high speed Fencing Fencing at a moderate-high speed (in class sparring) showing control, but intent and good judgement, breaking on hits.
Fight a gang of 12 blows Fence a continuous bout with 12 counted blows.
Tournament Management Referee peers in a grading bout
Judge peers in a grading bout

Dagger & Grappling

Technique Description Neuling Lehrling Fechter Freifechter
Grapples to arm
Joint locking techniques Against a static opponent
Against an opponent striking
Against an opponent with dagger
Dagger Guards & Application
Oberhut Parry from High Guard 1
Parry from High Guard 2
Parry from High Guard 3
Unterhut Parry from Low Guard 1
Parry from Low Guard 2
Casting opponent backward Defence against dagger attack
Dagger Technique 9 - Another Takedown Defence against dagger attack

Secondary Weapons - Dussack, Rappier, Polearms

Students attempting the Freifechter grading can choose other weapons to study from:

  • Dussack
  • Rappier
  • Polearms

They may choose a weapon from another system if they so desire, so long as their peers approve it for grading.

Technique Description Neuling Lehrling Fechter Freifechter
Demonstrate Demonstrate all of the guard positions - each is a separate gradable item
Slow Demonstration Demonstrate each attack slowly in context
Against an opponent dynamically
Against an opponent with intent
Choose 4 to 6 devices (depending on device length) Select 3 devices which demonstrate some key aspects of the system
Explain each device slowly with a partner
Demonstrate the device dynamically with a partner
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